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قديمة 17-11-2004, 04:10 PM
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صورة 'YeLlOw' الرمزية
مريم الطنيجي في ذمة الله

 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Oct 2004
المشاركات: 7,524
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معلومات إضافية
السمعة: 29840445
المستوى: YeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: female
علم الدولة:
الحالة: YeLlOw غير متصل
المزاج: ????
الرسالة الشخصية
Hope U are Happy & doing Well
افتراضي صناعة الورق "" Papermaking ""

[align=center]Papermaking[/align]
[align=left]Is a fun project to do outside with friends on a sunny day, but it's easily done inside as well. It will take about two hours for the basic papermaking process, and you'll end up with around fifteen lovely sheets that you can use for cards, picture frames, or whatever your imagination suggests.

The ingredients for creating beautiful handmade paper are close at hand - just go mining in your paper recycling bin. You begin by pulverizing the waste paper. Then, after a few short steps, the fibers rejoin before your eyes to create new paper.

You'll be making 100 percent post-consumer content paper, which means that all your material has been used before - and that's really quite an achievement. Public demand for recycled paper has encouraged paper companies to retool their mills so that they can process paper that we recycle from our homes and offices. But a large percentage of recycled paper is made from pre-consumer material - misprints and overruns from printers, for example. Although 100 percent post-consumer content paper is available, most commercially made printing or writing grade recycled paper contains only 10 percent to 30 percent post-consumer waste.

While there are environmental costs in making recycled paper, the process has less of an ecological impact than that of making paper from raw materials. As you make your own paper, you'll observe the water and energy required to reprocess paper fiber. In commercial manufacturing, producing printing grade recycled paper can save as much as half the energy that's needed in making paper from wood pulp, and there's a savings of water as well. As you admire each beautiful and unique piece of handmade paper you've created, you will gain a first-hand understanding of the papermaking process and an appreciation of the importance of paper recycling and paper conservation.

making the mold and deckle

Take your two picture frames and remove the glass and backing from both. (Or make your own frames out of wood.) To make the mold, stretch the screen tightly over the surface of one of the frames, and attach the screen to the back of the frame with a staple gun or tacks. The second frame will be used as the deckle, which makes the sheet of paper the desired size

preparing your material

The evening before you plan to make paper, sort the paper in your recycling bin by type. Used white photocopy paper is the best material to start with for the pulp base; avoid newsprint and glossy paper. Rip the copy paper into small pieces, roughly an inch square. Soak the pieces overnight in a bucket of water. Rip assorted sheets of colored paper into small pieces, and soak them separately. A good ratio to begin with is four times as much white paper as colored paper. Colored photocopy paper and uncoated gift-wrap paper are good choices, but glossy, brightly colored magazines can be used in small amounts for accents.

making the pulp

Put a handful of the soaked white paper into the blender. Add warm water to fill the blender about three-quarters full. Blend for up to a minute until the mixture has a consistency something like that of oatmeal. (If the mixture is not blending well, or if the motor is straining, add more water, or remove some paper.) Repeat this process four times to form the batch of basic pulp.

Dump the pulp into a large, deep dishpan, and swirl the pulp around with your hands. You'll probably have to add more water at this point; the mixture should be about 90 percent liquid. (You may have noticed that it takes quite a bit of water to process the paper fiber.) Since you're always mixing the pulp with your hands, warm water helps to keep your hands from getting chilly.

If you plan to use your paper as stationery, dissolve a packet of gelatin in hot water, and stir the gelatin into the pulp mixture. The gelatin, which is known as "size", will make the paper less porous. Without the size, ink would bleed.

Now lightly blend your soaked colored paper for about ten seconds. Don't overblend - you want the colored paper to appear in your paper as confetti-like accents. Alternatively, you may add other materials or food coloring directly to the pulp, or you can add textures on top of the pulp after forming a sheet. For example, you might want to add some wildflower seeds on top of the paper. Cards made with seeds can later be planted by the recipients to create flower gardens.

forming sheet of new paper

Always stir the pulp just before dipping the mold and deckle into it. Hold the mold with the screen facing up. Place the deckle upside down on top of the mold so the smooth sides of the frames face each other.


Grasp the mold and deckle securely and lower them vertically into the dishpan. Immediately bring the mold and deckle to a horizontal position under the pulp and lift them straight up, allowing the pulp to cover the screen.

Don't let the pulp collect too thickly on the screen - thinner paper turns out better! Let the excess water drip off for about two minutes. You can rest the mold and deckle on a corner of the dishpan while the water is draining. If you want to add seeds or other adornments to the top of the paper, now is the time.

Set up a drying space where the handmade paper can be left overnight. Place one-half of a disposable kitchen cloth on top of several sheets of newspaper.

Lift off the deckle. Turn the mold over onto the cloth so that the pulp side is down. With a sponge, soak up the water from the back side of screen. Gently pat the screen to soak up the water; don't wipe it. Make sure to sponge well around the edges. Squeeze the water out of the sponge into a small container or back into the pulp pan. Keep soaking up the water until you see the paper separating from the screen. Starting at one corner, gently remove the mold.

Repeat the above process to make as many sheets of paper as you like.

Let your paper dry undisturbed overnight. When it's dry, gently peel off the kitchen cloth from each sheet of paper, starting at one corner. If a sheet isn't dry on the reverse side, turn it over and let it finish drying. When all the sheets are completely dry, stack them and place heavy books on top of the stack for a couple of days to press the sheets flat. (To speed up these last steps, you can iron partially dry paper between two kitchen cloths at a medium temperature.) After the sheets have been pressed, they'll be ready for display or to be made into cards or other objects.


cleaning up

Paper fibers can clog your drain, so do not throw any leftover pulp into the sink. Instead, recover it! Use the mold to strain the pulp from the water. Cover the drain in the sink with the mold, and pour the remaining pulp over the screen. Remove the pulp from the screen before it's full. Dry the leftover pulp and place it back in your recycling container[/align].
الصور المرفقة
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{هذي أنا وهذي طباعي وجيت أقدم لك وفاي لا عجب ولا عجيبه .....
اللي مضى روح وفات
قديمة 17-11-2004, 05:00 PM   #2 (permalink)
 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Feb 2002
الإقامة: مرتــع الشوق ..
العمر: 28
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المستوى: الزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond reputeالزعـابي has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: male
علم الدولة:
الحالة: الزعـابي غير متصل
المزاج: ???????
الرسالة الشخصية
نداري شرهة الغـالـي ،، ولا نرضى زعــل الأحشــام
افتراضي مشاركة: صناعة الورق "" Papermaking ""

شااااااااااااااااااااااااااااااانك يوو فور زييييييييييس معلومات

وي ويت يور نيو ابداعات

تحياتينج : الزعابي

مــن تقـنـع النـفـس قنـعـت لوتعاتبـهـا
ماعـاد تـرجـع كـمـا لاول عـلـى الـعـاده
شـــئٍ بـــلا شـفـهـا مـاعــاد يـطـربـهـا
اذا انـكـفـت مـالـهـا فـــي تـركـهـــا راده
نفسي على ماكرهت ماني بغاصبهــا
ماهي على المخدعه والشين معتاده
بالأرض عايـش وماشـي فـي مناكبهـا
والـحـمـد والـشـكـر للمـعـبـود وزيــــاده
مـاحــد رزقـــه بـيــد غــيــره ويطـلـبـهـا
الـــرزق عـــن الـــذي يـرجـونـه عـبــاده
خــــل الهـضـيـمـه وتـركـهــا لصـاحـبـهـا
لـو كــان عـنـدك بعـيـر ٍ عـاجـز شــداده
مـن تلـدغ اليـد فـي الحـفـره عقاربـهـا
مـاتـردهـا ثـانـيـه والـعـقــرب اســــداده
واختـار م الهجـن سيـر البـعـد يطربـهـا
ماتتـبـع الـظـل يــوم الشـمـس وقــاده
والـــدار مـــن يـــوم تـتـكـدر مشـاربـهـا
مـا للمعيشـه بهـا ذوق ٍ عـلـى الــراده
مـاتـدمـع الـعـيــن إلا لــهــا سبـايـبـهـا
إمــــا وغــــف أو بــهــا عــلــه ونــكــاده

............شعر/ أحمد بن علي الكندي

إذا مرَّ القطار وسمعت جلبة لإحدى عرباته فاعلم أنها فارغة، وإذا سمعت تاجراً يحرّج على بضاعته وينادي عليها فاعلم أنها كاسدة
إن كل فارغ من البشر والأشياء له جلبة وصوت وصراخ، أما العاملون المثابرون فهم في سكون ووقار؛ لأنهم مشغولون ببناء صروح المجد وإقامة هياكل النجاح
 
قديمة 17-11-2004, 05:13 PM   #3 (permalink)
مريم الطنيجي في ذمة الله

 
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صورة 'YeLlOw' الرمزية
 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Oct 2004
المشاركات: 7,524
كافة التدوينات: 15
معلومات إضافية
السمعة: 29840445
المستوى: YeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: female
علم الدولة:
الحالة: YeLlOw غير متصل
المزاج: ????
الرسالة الشخصية
Hope U are Happy & doing Well
افتراضي مشاركة: صناعة الورق "" Papermaking ""

ذس إز ثقافة ولا نثنج
شكرا لك

{هذي أنا وهذي طباعي وجيت أقدم لك وفاي لا عجب ولا عجيبه .....
اللي مضى روح وفات
 
قديمة 08-12-2004, 05:41 PM   #4 (permalink)
.+[ متميز فــذ ]+.

 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Nov 2004
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المستوى: Droob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond reputeDroob has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: female
علم الدولة:
الحالة: Droob غير متصل
افتراضي مشاركة: صناعة الورق "" Papermaking ""

Thank you sis

we wait you
 
قديمة 08-12-2004, 10:35 PM   #5 (permalink)
.+[ متميز فضـي ]+.

 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Feb 2002
العمر: 31
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معلومات إضافية
السمعة: 3000
المستوى: Mr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond reputeMr.noon has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: male
علم الدولة:
الحالة: Mr.noon غير متصل
المزاج: ??????? 1
افتراضي مشاركة: صناعة الورق "" Papermaking ""

شرم برم ..

ولكم الساع والله ..

مشكورة على الموضوع
ولو إني ما فهمت شي ..

>><<
 
قديمة 09-12-2004, 12:22 AM   #6 (permalink)
مريم الطنيجي في ذمة الله

 
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صورة 'YeLlOw' الرمزية
 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Oct 2004
المشاركات: 7,524
كافة التدوينات: 15
معلومات إضافية
السمعة: 29840445
المستوى: YeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond reputeYeLlOw has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: female
علم الدولة:
الحالة: YeLlOw غير متصل
المزاج: ????
الرسالة الشخصية
Hope U are Happy & doing Well
افتراضي مشاركة: صناعة الورق "" Papermaking ""

ههههههههههههههههههههه

الله يخليك لاتضحكني

:) :)

شكرا على المرور

{هذي أنا وهذي طباعي وجيت أقدم لك وفاي لا عجب ولا عجيبه .....
اللي مضى روح وفات
 
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