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قديمة 30-05-2006, 04:51 PM
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صورة 'سر الوجود' الرمزية
.+[ متميز ذهبي ]+.

 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Feb 2002
الإقامة: الهوى شرقي
العمر: 30
المشاركات: 3,570
كافة التدوينات: 6
معلومات إضافية
السمعة: 11036926
المستوى: سر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond reputeسر الوجود has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: female
علم الدولة:
الحالة: سر الوجود غير متصل
المزاج: ???????? 1
الرسالة الشخصية
ها قد وهبتكَ مِـغْزلـيـ .. فاخْتـر لـهُ أنتَ الوبــَر ..
افتراضي List of English words of Arabic origin

Words of Arabic origin have entered the English language and many European languages. One of the primary routes that they have entered other languages is via the Spanish language, heavily influenced by the Arabic of al-Andalus.


*admiral
أمير الرحل amiir ar-raHl "commander of the transport"
*adobe
الطوب aT-Tuub "the brick" (itself originally from Coptic tôbe)
*albacore
الباكورة al-bakoura
*albatross(or algatross)
from Spanish alcatraz (cormorant), ultimately from Andalusi Arabic qatras (arrogant strut) [citation needed]
*alchemy
الكيمياء al-keemiyaa (from disputed origins; possibly from the Greek, from Ancient Egyptian "Khm" or "Khmt" meaning the "Black Land" as the Ancient Egyptians called their land, khemeia "alchemy" via Arabic or from Arabic origin al-kimiyya: the chemistry.)
*alcohol
via Spanish alcohol الكحول al-kuHuul (original meaning "eyeshadow", from a root meaning "dark"; cf. kohl)
*alcove
al-qubbah, "the vault"
*alembic
al-anbiq "the cup/container holding water"
*aldebaran
al-dabaran "the follower""
*algebra
via Spanish álgebra; الجبر al-jabr from the name of the book of the Persian scientist al-Khwarizmi Hisab al-jabr w’al-muqabala : the Calculus of subtraction and equality which has exposed the first algorithm for solving a first order Equation.
*algorithm
from the Persian scientist al-Khwarizmi who wrote Hisab al-jabr w’al-muqabala the Calculus of subtraction and equality which has exposed the first Algorithm for solving a first order equation, see also algebra.
*alkali
al-qaliy "the calcined ashes"
*almanac
al-manaakh, "the climate", possibly from Greek almenichiakon, "calendar"
*altair
"aţ-ţaa'ir" الطير the bird
*aniline
ultimately from Sanskrit nilah "dark blue"
*arrack
al-araq
*arsenal
دار الصناعة daar sinaa`a, "house of manufacturing"
*artichoke
via Italian from Arabic الخرشوف al-khurshouf (which, ironically, was reborrowed back into Lebanese Arabic as Ardhi-Shoki أرضي شوكي)
*assassin
from حشاشين the Hashshashin. The word means "those who use hashish" (cannabis resin). According to Crusader histories, that group used to ingest hashish before carrying out military or assassination operations, in order to be fearless.
*assegai
az-zaghayah originally from Berber
*average
disputed origin; possibly from 'awira "to be damaged," or from Italian avere or French aveir, "property", from Latin habere, "to have"
*azimuth
as-sumutالسموت "the paths"


*bedouin
- بدويين badawiyyiin "nomads"
*benzoin
لبان جاوي "Frankincense of Java," an organic chemical solvent from a resin in an Asian tree.
*betelgeuse
بيت الجوزاء "House of Gemini"
*burnous/burnoose
برنوس Arabic burnuus (itself from Latin byrrhus)


*coffee
قهوة
*caliph
khalifah
*camel
- جمل jemel , from Latin camellus, from one of the Semitic languages (which one is uncertain, but the term is found in Latin before Arabic) -->
*camise
قميص khameese, A loose shirt, shift, or tunic ---possibly borrowed from Spanish (camisa) or French (chemise)
*carafe
ghiraaf "handfuls of water"
*caramel
, possibly from Arabic, more likely from Latin cannamellis "burnt honey"
*caraway
karaawiyaa
*carmine
, ultimately from Sanskrit krimiga
*carob
kharroub
*chemistry
(see "Alchemy").
*cipher
صفر Sifr "zero"
*copt
Qibt, possibly from Greek Aigyptios, but ultimately from Ancient Egyptian Hiku Pitah, the House of the God Pitah.
*cotton
قطن quTn
*crimson
Crimson entered English during the 15th century from an Old Spanish version of the Arabic word for kermes


*dhow dragoman
ترجمان tarjuman
*decipher
the word cipher means zero in Arabic, which was used as a prominent symbol in early secret codes.


*elixir
الإكسير al-'iksiir "philosopher's stone" (via Latin)


*garble
gharbala "sift", ultimately from Latin cribellum "sieve"
*gauze
qazz "raw silk"
*gazelle
غزال ghazelle
*genie
جنّ jinn
*gerbil
yarbu
*giraffe
زرافة zaraafah
*ghoul
غول


*harem
حريم harim "sanctity" "wife"
*hashish
حشيش Hashiish "grass"
*hegira
hijrah "departure" - hajara "expatriation" "immigration"
*henna
حنة hinna


*imam
"front man" "leader of prayer" "leader"


*jar
جرة jarrah "large earthen vase"
*jerboa
Jarbou'
*jihad
جهاد jihad "struggle"


*kaaba
الكعبة "The House of Allah (God)" in Islam.
*kermes
قرمز qirmiz (via Spanish; ultimately from Sanskrit krmi-ja "worm-produced")
*kohl
kohl"congenital blackness of the eyelids"


*lacquer (or Lake)
loofah
from the Egyptian Arabic word lufah.
*lute
العود al-`uud "the lute," The fore-runner of the guitar.


*macrame
miqrama "embroidered veil"
*magazine
makhaazin "storehouses," possibly from Crusades
*mascara
uncertain origin; possibly from maskhara "buffoon" or from an unknown language. In modern Persian maskhara means to ridicule
*massage
from French, ultimately from either Arabic massa "to stroke" or Latin massa "dough"
*mastaba
mastabah
*mattress
maTraH "place where something is thrown, mat, cushion"
*mecca
مكّة Makkah
*minaret
manarah, something enlightening its surrounding
*mocha
مخا al-mukhaa "Mocha" [ Yemen ]
*mohair
mukhayyar "having the choice"
*monsoon
mawsim "season" (via Portuguese)
*muslin
based on a city in Iraq (Mosul) where cotton fabric was made
*myrrh
from Greek, ultimately from one of the Semitic languages, but which one is unclear; cf. Arabic مر murr "bitter"


*nadir
nazeer "parallel"


*Ottoman
uthman


*racket
raaha "palm of the hand"
*ream
rizma "bale, bundle"
*rigel
The star's name comes from its location at the "left foot" of Orion. It is a contraction of "Rijl Jauza al-Yusra," this being Arabic for "left foot of the Central One".


*safari
سفاري
*sahara
صحراء sa-huh-rá "desert"
*sash
شاش shaash "muslin"
*satin
probably zaytuni "of Zaytun"
*sequin
sikkah "die, coin"
*shrub
as in the drink
*sirocco
sharqiyah, "eastern"
*soda
From sudaa, meaning headache.
*sofa
suffa whole
*sorbet
same origin as sherbet (via Persian & French) "for rose water drink" "shurab" "sherbat"
*souk
سوق "Middle Eastern marketplace"
*sultan
سلطان sultaan "ruler"


*tabby
based on a city in Iraq where striped fabric was made
*tahini
tahinia Arabic word derived from another Arabic word "tahn" which means to grind
*tamarind
tamr-hindi "date of India"
*tarboush
طربوش
*tare
when speaking of weight


*wadi
"valley"

*zenith
samt ar-ra’s "zenith, vertex"


REFERENCE:wikipedia

قديمة 31-05-2006, 04:00 PM   #2 (permalink)
English section *********

 
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صورة 'hamid eddin' الرمزية
 
تاريخ الإنضمام: Mar 2005
المشاركات: 1,996
معلومات إضافية
السمعة: 3527185
المستوى: hamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond reputehamid eddin has a reputation beyond repute
الجنس: male
علم الدولة:
الحالة: hamid eddin غير متصل
افتراضي مشاركة: List of English words of Arabic origin

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